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Much more than a Test Centre

Much more than a Test Centre 13 September 2016 Established by Joe Gormley in 1984, Interparts Drumalee Ltd has come a long way over the past three decades Interparts Drumalee Ltd is a one-stop shop for all your vehicle testing, servicing and repairs, tachograph calibration, vehicle plating, truck and trailer parts, new and used truck sales, while truck hire is also available. Located one mile outside Cavan town on main N3 Dublin road, the company is also a main DAF Commercial Dealership for the North-East region. Established by Joe Gormley in 1984, Interparts Drumalee Ltd has come a long way over the past three decades. Joe a native of Ballinamore, Co. Leitrim is a former Leitrim county footballer having won 6 senior championships with his native Sean O Heslins GFC in Ballinamore. When he moved to Cavan he also went on to play with both Drumalee GFC and Cavan Rugby club for a number of years. He relocated the business to its current site on the Dublin Road, Cavan in 1987 and he began testing light goods vehicles in 1993, followed by heavy goods vehicles a short time later. The business has developed and expanded as the commercial Vehicle Testing sector itself has evolved through the establishment of a rigorous compliance infrastructure by the Road Safety Authority (RSA) and the investment and commitment of the members of the SIMI Vehicle Testers Network. Interparts Drumalee are NSAI certified I.S. EN ISO 9001:2008 CITA 9B. The CVRT inspection includes checking brakes, lights, markings, wheels and tyres, steering and suspension, chassis and underbody, tachograph, speed limiter, exhaust emissions, electrical systems, glass and mirrors etc. As one of the busiest Test Centres in the country with four full-time testers their opening hours are 9am to 6pm and late opening to 9pm on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday evenings and 10am to 5pm on Saturdays. Many of their customers still prefer to phone in their booking to Annamarie Costello, Test Centre Manager, on 049 4331777 but they also have upgraded their technology to facilitate on-line bookings which can be made on www.interparts.ie. Interparts Drumalee is a NSAI approved test centre with a wide scope such a Heavy Goods Trailer Licencing verification and they can carry out IVA Certification for new Trucks and Commercial vehicles. This exceptional, multifaceted operation provides a diverse range of services to hauliers and also to owners and operators of other vehicles and equipment. Simply put, there aren t many who can match the efficiency and dependability of Interparts Drumalee when it comes to vehicle repairs, servicing, commercial vehicle testing, Spare Parts, Truck Sales and Truck Hire. Interparts Drumalee offers a full range of repairs and servicing for all makes and models of light and heavy goods vehicles. General and Service Manager Robbie Malone, with years of experience in the business, runs an efficient customer focussed Service Department. With the latest diagnostic equipment on hand to cover all makes of trucks and trailer systems, no job is too big or too small for the highly skilled team at this Cavan place of excellence. Servicing, maintenance and repairs are carried out in a state-of-the-art workshop which is fully equipped to also carry out Tachograph and Speed limiter installation and calibration, chassis plating, 6, 9, and 12 week inspections and all general repairs. The company also offers an out of hour s breakdown assistance service. Since its inception, the family-run business has been providing a personal touch which customers have come to appreciate. It has the equipment and the manpower to carry out any kind of repair work. The ESB, Leaseplan, eir and Cavan Co Council are just some of the companies that put their trust in Interparts to look after their fleets. The company also runs a large Parts business covering 16 counties with three vans and Sales Reps on the road explains Parts Manager Gabriel Fitzsimons: We are proud to be able to offer our customers the widest range of both genuine and alternative truck, trailer and light Commercial Parts. We stock everything from engine and serviceable parts, transmission parts, electrical and lighting products, air suspension, brakes and cabin parts. We also stock a wide range of spares for the leading trailer axle manufacturers such as ROR, BPW, SAF and Mercedes. We have every part you can think of. Committed to supplying quality parts at competitive prices, Interparts warehouse is stocked with a huge range of parts which will ensure your downtime is kept to a minimum. Parts for all the leading brands can be delivered nationwide within 24 hours of being ordered. The company carries a quality range of Used Commercials at all times including makes such as DAF, Volvo and Scania and they can also source any make of truck to suit any potential customer requirements and budget. They also supply new DAF commercials direct to the customer and provide Tractor Units for hire at competitive prices. We are extremely busy at the moment and have established a loyal customer base. Our CVRT Centre and parts division both bring in a lot of extra business to our garage, Robbie adds. Interparts currently employs 30 staff. The well-established business offers a fast, efficient, professional, friendly and cost-effective service to all customers. Opening hours are from 9am to 6pm Monday and Friday, 9am to 9pm Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, and from 10am to 5pm on Saturdays. Interparts keeping your wheels in motion Interparts Drumalee Ltd, Dublin Road, Cavan. Telephone: 049 4331777 After Hours Service: Gabriel or Robbie 086 8523620, 086 6865075 Email: [email protected] Website: www.interparts.ie Taken from I rish Trucker & Light Commercials magazine, Vol 18 N o 10, December 2015/January 2016 [1] References ^ rish Trucker & Light Commercials magazine, Vol 18 No 10, December 2015/January 2016 (www.brtanspares.ie)

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Will the Houston Bike Plan End the Battle Between Bicyclists and Drivers?

Andrew Nilsen The doctors were thrilled that he had beaten the odds, a 20 percent chance of survival after he was run over by a truck. But when 47-year-old Kyle Zumoff woke up in his hospital bed, poked with IVs and stiff in a neck brace, his first thought was that he would rather be dead. He couldn t move his right leg or his foot, held together by pins and metal rods. He had tubes down his throat and up his nose to help him breathe and eat. He had a broken pelvis, a broken shoulder, a broken foot, two shattered shins and a damaged sternum that, before emergency surgery, was protruding into his aorta, threatening his life. Days earlier, on May 5, Zumoff was crossing the street on his bicycle at the intersection of Richmond and Gessner when a white Dodge Ram truck ran a red light and smashed into him. According to the police report, the pickup dragged Zumoff and his bicycle more than 100 feet before speeding away, leaving Zumoff to die in the road like a raccoon. He remembers looking up for a split second before impact, with enough time to mutter to himself Oh shit before everything went dark. He doesn t remember feeling any pain, but remembers a stranger, a woman, holding his hand, and hearing her say, Don t worry; they re coming, they re coming. He was Lifeflighted to Memorial Hermann Southwest Hospital, where he remained for nearly a month. I guess I m one of the lucky ones, but I could ve been dead, Zumoff says now in a thick, fast-talking East Coast accent. I must have been laying in the middle of the intersection. Can you imagine that? I can t imagine doing that to a dog. Upcoming Events Though his two children live in Houston with their mother, after he was discharged, Zumoff flew to Florida to live with his own mother and sister during his long recovery, in which he is relearning basic things like walking. Having never even broken so much as a finger before, Zumoff found himself having a hard time grappling with the fact that some phantom driver may have stripped him of his lifelong passion of being active cycling, running, boxing in a matter of seconds. He had been a bicyclist all his life in the middle of Midtown Manhattan in New York City, in downtown Miami, on the streets of Philly, where he grew up but Houston was the only city where, he says, he encountered routine hostility from drivers. What Zumoff says he didn t know probably because he was never part of a cycling group while in Houston was that rather than being an isolated incident, his accident was part of a common narrative that Houston cyclists have dealt with for years. Since 2013, nearly 1,700 cyclists have been hit by cars on Houston streets, and nearly a quarter of the accidents were hit-and-runs like Zumoff s, according to data from the Houston Police Department. Twenty-three bicyclists have died, seven of whom were killed by hit-and-run drivers. There was the 17-year-old immigrant dishwasher, Miguel Marcial, hit and killed by a law student who sped away from the scene in his BMW, dragging Marcial s bike beneath his car for a mile. The 56-year-old father, Bobby Brooks, run over by a school bus whose driver continued on her route as though nothing had happened. And 61-year-old Dan Hertweck, killed by an Isuzu box truck driver who stayed at the scene but went home freely, without charges, after telling police he did not see Hertweck and did not know how the accident had happened. Cyclists have been asking the city to do something about this situation for years. In May 2013, the city took a step forward by enacting a safe-passing ordinance, which allows cops to ticket drivers who do not give cyclists at least three feet of space while passing them. But despite the fact that hundreds of cyclists have been clipped or smashed by cars since the ordinance passed, only 32 drivers have been ticketed. Cyclists grew so dissatisfied with the city s lack of action that they staged a die-in on City Hall s front lawn in June 2015 after four cyclists were killed in just three weeks. Finally, this year, the city answered with a solution on paper at least and that s the Houston Bike Plan. It s a sweeping biking blueprint, if not one of the most comprehensive in the country, and if the city can actually pull it off, cyclists will have more than 1,700 miles of new, safely designed bike lanes and trails, costing up to $500 million to complete over the next ten to 20 years. Many cyclists, cycling attorneys and city officials have pointed to the lack of safe bike infrastructure across the city as a core reason that cyclists keep getting hit. That infrastructure has not been comprehensively updated since the early 1990s. Still, not everyone is convinced the new bike plan will solve Houston s cyclist-accident problem, particularly in a city where drivers tend to blame cyclists for their own misfortune. I think the Houston Bike Plan is a bold plan, and I think it s a step in the right direction, says Houston Ghost Bike attorney John Clark, who represents injured cyclists and the families of killed cyclists. But until public perception about cyclists changes, and awareness changes, it doesn t matter if there s a bike plan or not. ***** Lauren Meyers, a member of Houston Ghost Bike, ties flowers to the Ghost Bike memorial for Wesley Edward Mein, who was struck by a car while walking his bike along the East Freeway service road in October 2014. Gilbert Bernal The death of a 24-year-old woman cycling home from a grocery store on December 3, 2013, handed the City of Houston a wake-up call. Chelsea Norman was coming back from work at Whole Foods that night and was just blocks from the store on Waugh Drive when a driver ran her over and then continued on her way. Police, acting on a tip, discovered Margaret Mayer s pickup truck at her workplace the following week, its front end still damaged from hitting Norman. Mayer told police she was so intoxicated that night that she could barely even remember how she got home. She was eventually sentenced to 15 years in prison. Just months after Norman s death, the group BikeHouston petitioned the city to create that bicycle master plan. Then-mayor Annise Parker announced a Zero Fatalities Bike Safety Campaign, a well-intentioned if ultimately unsuccessful operation. Meanwhile, a group of cyclists created Houston Ghost Bike, aiming to raise awareness about cyclist deaths by placing wiry, all-white memorial bicycles at the site of each fatal accident. Norman s memorial was the first. Since then, the group has placed 70 Ghost Bike memorials in Houston and its surrounding areas, most recently for Wesley Mein, who was struck and killed by a drunk driver who was only charged with a DWI, not in Mein s death. The group has memorialized cyclists ranging from Benjamin Mendez a day laborer who sold fruit and commuted by bicycle each evening, pushing his fruit cart home with him to David Rosenfeld, a father of three who loved to ride his bike leisurely every weekend as an escape from his fast-paced job. With personalized memorials for every mother and husband, son and daughter, the group aims to dispel the caricature of cyclists as a curbside annoyance. We re trying to put pictures on every bike now, because we want to put a face to the memorial, says Ghost Bike organizer Steve Sims, sitting in his car on the side of a back road where a cyclist was recently killed. We want people to remember, there was a person who was killed not this caricature of a cyclist in their mind. On the evening of July 30, Steve and his wife, Melissa Sims, headed out to the site of a fatal accident to prepare a Ghost Bike memorial for Richard Ricky Johnson. Johnson was a young new father from Crosby, Texas, killed by an elderly driver who didn t see him while Johnson, also a commuter, was cycling to work one morning before the sun was up. At the time he was killed, Johnson had just been approved to finance a new car so he wouldn t have to bike anymore. He had just found a new place to live, closer to his job. And his baby daughter was learning to crawl. Dozens of Johnson s family and friends, including his daughter s new foster family, gathered on the side of the road to watch Steve and Melissa chain the white bicycle to a telephone pole near the site of Johnson s death. Whizzing cars were nearly the only sound as the couple attached Johnson s picture to the spokes one of him and his baby in near total silence. Eventually the disruptive, speeding cars became too distracting, with several members of the family growing irritated, if not red-faced angry, with the drivers. You didn t slow down for Ricky, his mother screamed at one pickup, so you can at least slow down for us! Nothing happened to the driver who hit Johnson. The driver told police he was sorry but he did not see the cyclist in the dark hours of the morning. And so he went home, never charged with anything. According to a Houston Press analysis of police and court records, this is actually the most common outcome. Of the 23 cyclist fatalities in Houston in the past three years, only six have resulted in charges and in one case a drunk driver who killed a child on a bike was given just two years of probation, with no mention of the dead eight-year-old in the court filings. Prosecutor Alison Baimbridge, with the Harris County District Attorney s Office s Vehicular Crimes Division, said it s because sometimes the cyclist involved broke a traffic law such as not yielding the right of way, or did not have proper lighting on his or her bike, meaning the driver was considered blameless. If drivers stayed at the scene, they were never charged, except in one case because the driver was drunk and also considered at fault, for the death of Mollie Walker, epitaphed as a loving mother and grandmother on her Ghost Bike memorial. Almost all drivers, if they gave a statement to the police, said they just didn t see the cyclist at all or in time to avoid hitting him or her. The reports then generated by police almost always reflect the driver s account, and with the cyclist no longer alive, often there is little to counter that version of events, especially if other witnesses had hindered views of the accident or didn t actually see the impact. Steve recalled the story of Dan Hertweck, the 61-year-old man hit by the box truck driver who was not even given a traffic ticket let alone a citation for breaking that safe-passing ordinance. In the police report, an officer writes that Hertweck, who was an experienced longtime cyclist, may have ran [sic] into the back of the truck and may have fell [sic] after impact with the truck, based on what appears to be this statement from the driver: I felt my car rock so I thought I hit a curb. I kept driving straight and pulled over into the gas station parking lot. I turned around and saw a person on a bike on the ground. You would get a ticket for hitting a car. But you can strike and kill someone on a bike and it s like, Oh well, says Steve. He looks up to his left, pointing down the road. I see the skid mark now. ***** David Rosenfeld, pictured at far right, rode his bike every weekend as a way to escape, whether on solo rides or with cycling groups like this one. Courtesy of Wendy Rosenfeld David Rosenfeld s last ride ended before it had really even begun. He left early the morning of May 24, 2015, to meet dozens of other cyclists at the Bike Barn for a 15-mile memorial ride for Jon Trevalise, an avid 68-year-old cyclist who had recently been hit and killed by a distracted driver. Trevalise had been involved in several cycling groups and had completed an impressive five Tours du Rouge, six-day bike trips from Houston to New Orleans. But before Rosenfeld could make it to the memorial that morning, he was hit by a car and killed. It s a case that many in the cycling community, and certainly Rosenfeld s family and friends, point to as a stark illustration of the need for safer bicycle infrastructure everywhere. More than a year later, the cruel irony is one Wendy, his wife, says she has still not gotten over: Had a distracted driver never killed Trevalise, her husband would never have been killed either. On top of it, Wendy said, the driver was never charged. He just gets to walk around as a free person, with no consequences for killing my husband, she said. I think about it all the time This guy has no idea who he hit. Rosenfeld was a father of three and deeply committed to his Jewish faith, once even helping his best friend, a rabbi, build an entire congregation from the ground up. Thanks to Rosenfeld s people skills and knack for creative marketing campaigns, he brought 300 new congregants on board for the rabbi, Scott Hausman-Weiss, in a matter of months. He was so good at his creative advertising and marketing job for an oil and gas company, Wendy and Hausman-Weiss said, that his co-workers nicknamed him Professor, following him around and asking for his advice constantly. If you want to know what was taken from us when he was killed in this ridiculous way, said Hausman-Weiss, the rabbi at Congregation Shma Koleinu in Houston, he was like a modern-day Don Quixote. He really was able to attack every windmill. Rosenfeld went cycling every weekend through the city and along the bayou, and sometimes he went on social rides on Thursday evenings, Wendy said. Occasionally he took his daughter with him on rides; other times he commuted to work. Biking for David was how did he describe it? This is my island, Hausman-Weiss recalled. This is my way to escape the intensity of my work, and all the details of life. Rosenfeld loved fixing bicycles for people and assembling them as presents at Christmastime, Wendy said. He was involved with BikeHouston, the group that helped create the city s new bike plan, and he would get agitated and angry in the car with Wendy when he saw cyclists breaking a traffic law, or cars driving too fast and too close to them. He was a nut about bike safety, Wendy said, but even a helmet couldn t save him that day in May 2015. The congregation shielded Wendy for months after her husband s death, keeping quiet about two more cycling-related deaths shortly after Rosenfeld s: One experienced cyclist from their same congregation hit a nasty pothole and did not survive his injuries; another was hit by a car right near Hausman-Weiss s home. The congregants gathered for religious services at Wendy s home, checking on her and her kids frequently. Wendy was too distraught even to attend the Ghost Bike memorial. I was in shock for a long time, Wendy said. You always protect your children first, and I just went into that mode and did the best I could with that. According to data from the Texas Department of Transportation, Houston leads the state s largest cities San Antonio, Dallas and Austin in every category of bicyclist accidents even when population differences are considered. Despite having a population less than twice that of Dallas, Houston has more than three times more cyclist accidents, and roughly 1.4 times more than San Antonio and Austin. (TxDOT cautioned that its data may differ from police department data, given factors such as different computation methods and Texas peace officers failing or forgetting to submit accident reports.) Houston also has the highest proportion of cyclist hit-and-runs among the state s largest cities, at 22 percent of accidents; drivers in Austin, by comparison, flee the scene only 14.6 percent of the time. Houston leads in fatalities, too, averaging 7.3 cyclist deaths a year compared to Austin s one, Dallas s 1.7 and San Antonio s 4.3. I don t know that I ll ever get past it, Wendy said of her husband s death. I don t know what I would do or say if I spoke to [the driver] or saw him. David was such a good guy, but he would say, Let it go. ***** Doctors told Kyle Zumoff, who was run over by a truck while riding his bike in May, it would take a year for him to learn to walk again. Zumoff has given himself six months. Christina Mendenhall It has been easier said than done for Kyle Zumoff, too, who was angry not only at the phantom driver but at the police, who never found the person who hit him. A few weeks after Zumoff was hit, HPD s Vehicular Crimes Division Hit and Run Unit closed his case. There was no surveillance footage of the accident. No one caught the license plate. No one could identify the driver. The police put out a Crime Stoppers notice and got one phone call, a lead that didn t go anywhere. They had reached the end of the rope. Sergeant Derrick Hall, with the Vehicular Crimes Division, said that hit-and-runs such as this one can be some of the most frustrating cases to investigate when there is little to no identifying information that could lead police to the suspect. In the case of Chelsea Norman, it was a co-worker of Margaret Mayer s who came forward to tell police that Mayer called her the following day and said she was so drunk the night before that she thought she had hit someone, because her windshield was shattered, but couldn t remember. In the cases of both Benjamin Mendez, the fruit-cart pusher, and Miguel Marcial, the immigrant dishwasher, the drivers both came forward to admit fault on their own. Without lucky breaks such as those, Hall said, investigations may never reach a conclusion. Of the 30 hit-and-runs causing death or serious bodily injury in the past three years in Houston, 17 of them remain unsolved. It feels bad. It does, Hall said. It s extremely frustrating, because we either have a dead person or a severely injured person who s the end result. Sometimes I ve talked to family members and they re crying, and I m crying, and I want to do more, but I physically cannot. It s such a bad feeling knowing there s somebody out there who would run over somebody and just leave. The cause of the problem is anybody s guess but Houston s cycling community, at least, can easily point to the city s failure to maintain its biking infrastructure. Thanks to only sporadic updates over the past 25 years, cyclists have few safe ways of commuting on bike, and drivers perceive cyclists as in the way often because bike lanes are either too narrow or nonexistent. While some people may be understandably upset as swarms of Critical Mass cyclists take over the road once a month when drivers are trying to get home from a long day at work, individual cyclists can still tell you about all the times they ve been cursed at or honked at or nearly run off the road simply for riding a bicycle on the street, where they are required by law to ride. Each of them, in fact, likely has a catalog of horror stories about close calls with cars as thick as a collection of platinum Beatles records. Exhibit A: The CEO of Houston B-Cycle, Carter Stern, has been hit by a car on Houston streets a dozen times. He is lucky only in the sense that none of the cases have resulted in serious injuries, and all the drivers stayed at the scene. Most only stayed so they could yell at me. Their usual line is, What are you doing in the road?! Stern said. It s why Stern is a major proponent of the Houston Bike Plan. Of the 1,700 miles of bikeways the plan calls for, planners are seeking to ensure that the majority of them are high-comfort lanes, meaning they are designed safely, are well-separated from traffic or are protected lanes, like the one on Lamar Street that has an actual barrier dividing the bikes from lanes of car traffic. By comparison, of Houston s existing roughly 500 miles of bikeways, only half are high-comfort and only 39 miles of high-comfort lanes are on actual streets as opposed to trails along the bayous. The problem with the city s only protected lane on Lamar is that it basically leads nowhere and connects to nothing, a huge complaint of cyclists. The bike plan is poised to fix that problem too, seeking to connect trails and on-street lanes all across the city so that cyclists can safely get from point A to point B. Right now, there is not much bike infrastructure on Houston streets, period, said Mary Blitzer, BikeHouston s advocacy director. Some of our infrastructure includes routes which are currently identified as bike routes, yet it s not a place where most people on a bike would feel safe riding. Absolutely nothing has been done to make it safe except calling it a route. The bike plan is changing that. Though completed, the plan has not been officially approved by City Council, but council member David Robinson says the council and Mayor Sylvester Turner are highly supportive of it, and he expects it to be on the books this fall. One problem, however, is the lack of funding. While the city s ReBuild Houston projects may take care of much of the new infrastructure in the short term BikeHouston expects 700 miles to be completed in the next seven to ten years seeing the entire plan materialize on the streets of Houston may depend on voter-approved bonds. Meaning the success of the Houston BikePlan may depend on the support of drivers. Blitzer said a large part of BikeHouston s goal has been to persuade drivers that they want this too, that if they are annoyed that cyclists are in the way, then this is the answer. We re trying to unite everyone who s riding now, who wants to ride a bike in the future or maybe never wants to ride a bike but wishes there wasn t a bicyclist in front of them on a busy street, and that that person had a safer place to ride, Blitzer told us. Most of the time, people who are riding in unsafe conditions are doing so because they have no other way to get to where they need to go. Still, whether the bike plan is successful may not matter to people like Kyle Zumoff, who says that even if he returns to Houston, he will never get on his bike here again. He isn t sure he will ever be able to anywhere, in fact, still unable to get over how quickly, without any notice, a leisurely ride on a clear evening turned into a brush with death. He is still in a wheelchair, anyway: Doctors told him that learning to walk again may take a year though Zumoff, always up for a challenge, has given himself six months. As for Wendy Rosenfeld, she says she and her husband had been planning a big bike trip through Europe, perhaps wine country but it s one she won t ever be taking. Her three kids might start riding again one day, though, she said. Recently, her daughter, who loved to go on rides with her dad, had even asked some of Rosenfeld s old friends if they could take her on a ride with them her own way of keeping her dad close. It s been months, though, and Wendy said the ride still hasn t happened which is fine with her. Save for a couple of rides her daughter has taken around the block, the 11 bikes in their garage have remained mostly untouched.

Cars: A brand-by-brand look at new 2017 models 0

Cars: A brand-by-brand look at new 2017 models

DETROIT With the new models that automakers are rolling out for 2017, you can wrap yourself in luxury, get thrown back in your seat with the thrill of high horsepower, sit high in an SUV or load your stuff into a functional new hatchback. But there’s also a host of new technology, with nearly every company offering autonomous emergency braking in more models, as well as new electric and hybrid entries. Automakers definitely are emphasizing luxury and performance, though, with new models like the 573-horsepower, $156,000 Acura NSX and the 770-horsepower Lamborghini Centenario that can go 217 miles per hour and costs almost $2 million. Alfa Romeo comes out with a midsize sport sedan called the Giulia, while there are new vehicles from Cadillac, Lincoln and Buick that could make or break traditional luxury brands that have had trouble over the years competing with European and Japanese brands. The SUV boom has spread to Luxury brands, too, with Jaguar and Maserati both rolling out their first utility vehicles that handle like cars. Jaguar’s F-Pace starts at $40,990, while the Maserati Levante costs $72,000. Cadillac gets a badly needed new entry in the competitive midsize SUV race with the XT-5, which starts at $39,990. Lincoln is banking on the first Continental in 14 years to boost sales with a starting price of $44,560, and Buick has a new LaCrosse full-size car that starts at $32,000. New technology abounds. Cadillac’s CT-6 big sedan gets “Super Cruise,” the software and sensor suite that can practically drive itself on the highway. The General Motors brand, however, is refining a system that will make drivers keep paying attention despite the automation. Chevrolet introduces the Tesla-fighting electric Bolt, a cost-effective mainstream car with more than 200 miles of range on battery power. And Hyundai’s Ioniq will come with a choice of three power systems battery, gas and electric hybrid, and a plug-in hybrid. For the practical buyer, both Chevrolet and Honda are betting that Americans are ready to buy hatchbacks again. Honda’s Civic compact gets a hatchback version, as does the Chevrolet Cruze. Here are new or significantly refreshed cars and trucks coming in the 2017 model year, by brand: NSX: Acura is resurrecting its NSX supercar 12 years after the last one rolled off the line. The NSX is a technology showcase, starting with its twin-turbocharged, mid-mounted V6 engine. The engine is augmented by twin motors that independently drive the two front wheels and a rear motor for instant torque. There’s also a new nine-speed dual clutch transmission. The system produces 573 horsepower. Like the previous NSX, which was the world’s first all-aluminum sports car, the new NSX experiments with lightweight materials. The thin but sturdy A-pillars, for example, were made from high-strength steel that was heated and robotically bent. This NSX will be the first built outside of Japan; production has already begun in Ohio. Acura will make around 800 each year; they start at $156,000. ALFA ROMEO GIULIA: High-performance luxury sports sedan goes on sale in the fall. It draws on Italian racing heritage. Base model has the signature triangular grille and a 276-horsepower, 2-liter turbocharged four-cylinder engine that takes the car from zero to 60 mph in 5.5 seconds. High-performance Quadrifoglio goes from zero to 60 mph in 3.8 seconds with a top speed of 191 mph, propelled by a 505-horsepower 2.9-liter twin-turbo V6. Inside it has an asymmetric instrument panel and premium leather with carbon fiber and aluminum accents. Giulia starts around $40,000; the Quadrifoglio starts around $70,000. ASTON MARTIN DB11: Aston Martin’s DB series dates to 1948, when a sporty car produced by Aston’s then-owner, Sir David Brown, debuted at the London Motor Show. The model was later known as the “DB1.” Later DB high-performance models became the car of choice for James Bond. The latest incarnation, the DB11, will be the most powerful production DB ever, with a 5.2-liter, twin-turbocharged V12 engine that produces 600 horsepower. It’s also the fastest, with a top speed of 200 miles per hour and a zero-to-62 mph time of 3.9 seconds. The design pays homage to past Astons with its elongated hood and side vents, but it has a more chiseled surface and narrowed headlights. Fuel economy hasn’t been announced, but Aston switched from a naturally aspirated engine to a turbocharged one in part to meet increasing U.S. fuel economy standards. It also made greater use of lightweight aluminum. On sale later this year; it starts at $211,955. A4: Audi’s midsize sedan, last redesigned in 2013, gets a major overhaul. It has a more angular, sportier design than the previous model and a standard power sunroof. Audi has updated the 2.0-liter, four-cylinder engine to deliver 252 horsepower, up from 220. It’s mated to a new seven-speed transmission. More use of lightweight aluminum has helped the A4 shed 99 pounds on front-wheel-drive models and 66 on all-wheel-drive models, improving handling and fuel efficiency. The A4 gets up to 31 mpg in combined city and highway driving. The interior is more spacious, with better headroom and rear legroom. New 12.3-inch color display screen and a newly available heads-up display, which projects information into the driver’s field of vision. Went on sale in the spring; starts at $37,300. R8: The second generation of the R8 supercar is the most powerful production Audi ever. It shares half its parts with the R8 LMS race car, including the same 5.4-liter V10 engine. That’s mated to a seven-speed dual clutch transmission. The base R8 produces 540 horsepower and goes from zero to 60 mph in 3.5 seconds. On the top-of-the-line V10 Plus, the same engine is pushed to 610 horsepower and a zero-to-60 time of 3.2 seconds. The R8 achieves a top speed of 205 mph. There are significant updates inside. There’s also a 12.3-inch display screen controlled by a tablet that recognizes handwriting. Starts at $162,900. Q7: Gets long-awaited update for 2017. The three-row crossover has a crisper design, arrow-like LED running lights and a standard panoramic sunroof. Drivers can select one of seven driving modes, including comfort and off-road; a separate off-road option can raise the ride height by 60 millimeters. Has a towing capacity of 7,700 pounds. Inside, there’s a host of new technology, including a 12.3-inch display screen and Apple CarPlay and Android Auto. Powered by a 333-horsepower 3.0-liter V6 with an eight-speed transmission. It gets 21 mpg in combined city and highway driving. Went on sale early this year starting at $54,800. BENTAYGA: The super-exclusive Volkswagen brand’s big SUV gets an all-new W-shaped 12-cylinder twin-turbo engine that puts out 600 horsepower and can carry the Bentayga to 60 miles per hour in 4 seconds. The new engine can run on six cylinders under certain conditions to save on fuel, and it has stop-start technology that shuts it off at stoplights. Diesel, high-performance, plug-in hybrid and 7-seat versions are coming. The Bentayga starts around $229,000. i3: The funky carbon-fiber gas-electric hybrid gets a more powerful 33 kilowatt-hour battery to extend its electric range by 50 percent to 114 miles in combined city-highway driving. When additional range is needed, a 650 cc 2-cylinder gas engine with 38 horsepower is available to generate electricity. It now has a 2.4 gallon fuel tank compared with 1.9 for the current model. Total gas and electric range for the 2017 hasn’t been certified by the federal government, but it will be higher than the current model’s 150 miles. Price starts at $43,600 without the range extender gas engine and $47,450 with it. Both prices exclude shipping and electric car tax credits. 2 SERIES: The small coupe gets the next generation of BMW four-cylinder and six-cylinder engines and a slight change in numbers. The 228i goes to 230i and gets a new 248-horsepower turbocharged 2-liter four. The M235i becomes the M240i and gets a new inline 3-liter, 6-cylinder twin-turbo engine with 335 horsepower, 15 more than its predecessor. There also are convertible models. Pricing for the 230i starts at $32,850 excluding shipping, while the M240i starts at $44,150 without shipping. 3 SERIES: The new engines go into the 3 Series small sedan, which also gets number changes. Gone is the 328i, which becomes the 330i and it gets the new four-cylinder engine. The 335i becomes the 340i and gets the new inline six. There also are sport wagon and Gran Turismo models. The 330i starts at $42,650 excluding shipping, while the 340i starts at $47,600. LACROSSE: General Motors’ near-luxury brand keeps fighting in the shrinking big-car segment with a redesigned version of the Buick LaCrosse. The brand’s flagship repeats the common GM theme for new vehicles: longer, lower, wider and lighter. Engineers were able to take out about 300 pounds in the redesign by using lighter high-strength steel and lower-mass, sound-absorbing materials. The car gets a new grille inspired by Buick’s acclaimed Avenir concept car. Also new is a revamped 3.6-liter V-6 with 310 horsepower, and a new eight-speed automatic transmission. The V6 can operate as a four-cylinder engine on the highway to save fuel. A four-cylinder option from the 2016 model year was scratched. The LaCrosse also gets stop-start technology that shuts off the engine at stoplights and automatically turns it back on. All the changes push the car’s highway mileage to 31 mpg for the front-wheel-drive version, up 3 mpg from last year’s V6. The car went on sale in late August and starts at just over $32,000 excluding shipping. ENCLAVE: Buick’s big people-hauling SUV is due for a makeover in 2017, but nothing has been announced yet. CT6: The General Motors luxury brand’s full-size entry was new last year, but it gets some important changes for 2017. First is Super Cruise, which will let the car practically drive itself on the highway, coming early next year. Drivers will still have to pay attention, though. A plug-in gas-electric hybrid version also is scheduled during the first half of 2017. A premier version was announced earlier. Price not available yet for either feature. XT5: First of a new generation of GM midsize sport utility vehicles, the XT5 went on sale in April as a 2017 model. It’s longer and 278 pounds lighter than the old SRX that it replaced. New 310-horsepower 3.6-liter V6 engine and eighty-speed automatic transmission. Engine can go to four cylinders for better fuel economy on the highway. More luxurious interior. Starts at $39,990 excluding shipping. BOLT: Long-awaited, all-electric Tesla fighter goes on sale late this year as a 2017 model. Company says it will go more than 200 miles on a single charge. While it’s a compact car, it has a hatch and looks a little like an SUV. The five-passenger Bolt, priced about $37,500 excluding a $7,500 federal tax credit, has a 10.2-inch touch screen and can be recharged to 80 percent of its battery capacity in an hour on a 240-volt charger. CRUZE: Vastly improved compact car gets a sporty hatchback version. Due out in the fall. Starts at $21,315 excluding shipping. EQUINOX: Chevy’s midsize SUV is likely to be revamped in 2017, but GM hasn’t released details. TRAVERSE: Ditto for the people-hauling Traverse. Its sister, the GMC Acadia, was revamped for this model year, so it’s likely the Traverse will get similar treatment. No details announced yet. TRAX: Subcompact SUV gets interior and exterior freshening, but the guts remain the same. 2017 model available this fall starting at $21,000 without shipping PACIFICA: Chrysler tried to make the minivan cool again with its much-anticipated minivan that came out in the spring as a 2017 model. The company also plans to introduce a gas-electric late this year that can go 30 miles on battery power with total range of 530 miles. The new van is curvier than old models that looked like bread trucks. It sits lower to the ground and has bigger wheels. It looks more luxurious. Comes with a 3.6-liter V-6 engine with 287 horsepower. It’s about 200 pounds lighter than its predecessors. Starts at $28,595 excluding shipping. ESCAPE: The Escape small SUV Ford’s best-selling vehicle in the U.S. after the F-Series truck gets major updates for 2017. Buyers have two new EcoBoost four-cylinder engine options, a 1.5-liter and 2.0-liter, both with slightly improved horsepower. Fuel economy is unchanged; the Escape gets up to 26 mpg in city and highway driving. The interior has more storage areas, including a cubby for smartphones, while the outside was redesigned to give it a beefier, more SUV-like feel. Went on sale in the spring. Starts at $23,600. F-150 RAPTOR: Ford introduced the pumped-up Raptor version of its F-150 pickup in 2009 and it quickly gained a following among off-road enthusiasts. It was discontinued in the 2014 model year as Ford prepared to launch a new, aluminum-bodied F-150. Now, the Raptor returns with aluminum body panels, which make it 500 pounds lighter and a lot more nimble. Has a 3.5-liter V6 engine; numbers haven’t been released, but Ford says it’s more powerful than the outgoing 411-horsepower V8. New 10-speed transmission. Another new feature is a terrain-management system for driving on rocks, sand or snow. The Raptor goes on sale later this year. Price not released; likely will start around $50,000. GT: The supercar returns later this year after a decade-long hiatus. Recently won at LeMans for the first time since 1980. The eye-popping GT, with its deeply scooped sides, has a mid-mounted twin-turbocharged V6 engine that produces more than 600 horsepower. It’s a laboratory for Ford, debuting innovations like an adjustable rear spoiler and lightweight Gorilla Glass which is also used in smartphones for the windshield. Ford will only sell around 250 per year to people who apply. Starts around $400,000. SUPER DUTY: Like the F-150 pickup, which debuted an all-aluminum body two years ago, Ford’s Super Duty lineup is getting an aluminum makeover. New body panels cut around 350 pounds off the weight, making it more nimble and improving fuel economy (although Ford’s not required to report the fuel economy for this heavier class of vehicles). The body sits on a frame that’s more than 95 percent high-strength steel and 24 times stiffer than its predecessor. Ford says the new trucks will have best-in-class towing of up to 32,500 pounds and best-in-class payload of 7,630 pounds. The three engine choices are upgraded versions of the previous engines. There are two gas, a 6.2-liter V8 or a 6.8-liter V10, and a 6.7-liter V8 diesel. On sale this fall starting at $32,535. G80: Hyundai split off Genesis as a separate brand this year, and it renamed the Hyundai Genesis the G80 and added more standard safety features. On sale now, starts at $41,400. G90: The flagship of Hyundai’s newly separated luxury brand is designed to rival top German sedans in comfort and performance. Outside, the G90 looks a bit like a Bentley with a large hexagon front grille. It has a plush leather interior with wood accents. The G90 is powered by either a 3.3-liter twin-turbocharged V6 with 365 horsepower or an optional 5-liter V8 with 420 horsepower, both mated to an eight-speed automatic transmission. The car also has a full suite of safety features including automatic emergency braking and lane-keeping. On sale in September. No price released. ACADIA: The big family-hauling crossover SUV got surprisingly smaller in a revamp for the 2017 model year. It’s 700 pounds lighter than the old model and is 7 inches shorter and just under 3 inches narrower. The shrinking boosts the gas mileage to 26 mpg on the highway with a new 194-horsepower 2.5-liter four-cylinder motor. It also has an available 310-horsepower 3.6-liter V6. The Acadia also gets GMC’s first use of stop-start technology that turns off the engine at stop lights. GM’s market research showed that people wanted a smaller, more efficient and maneuverable SUV, yet they still wanted three rows of seats. The Acadia gives the driver a visual reminder near the speedometer to check the rear seats, so as not to leave children or valuables behind. Starts at $29,070 excluding shipping. Went on sale in the spring. ACCORD HYBRID: After a year’s absence, the hybrid version returns. The restyled exterior has a brighter grille, standard LED fog lamps and a sharper nose. Updated hybrid powertrain that combines two motors and a 2.0-liter four-cylinder engine, with up to 212 horsepower, 16 more than the previous model. Fuel economy improves 1 mpg to 48 in city and highway driving. Advanced safety features including forward collision warning, lane departure warning and pedestrian detection are standard, and Apple CarPlay and Android Auto are available. Went on sale this summer; starts at $29,605. CIVIC HATCHBACK: The hatchback version of Honda’s Civic small car returns to the U.S. market more than a decade after it was last sold here. It has sporty styling and a 174-horsepower 1.5-liter, four-cylinder engine; in the Sport and Sport Touring models, that’s cranked up to 180 horsepower. There’s a six-speed manual transmission or a continuously variable automatic. Gets 34 mpg in combined city and highway driving. Options include a full set of driver-assist technology, including forward collision warning and automatic braking, lane departure warning and adaptive cruise control that can work at high and low speeds. On sale this fall. Price not announced. RIDGELINE: A decade after its introduction and three years after it was pulled from the market Honda is reintroducing its midsize pickup. The new truck ditches the old, funky styling for a more rugged look. Longer and wider bed features industry-first truck bed audio system for the tailgating crowd. Honda says payload capacity is 1,584 pounds, the most for a midsize truck. Can tow up to 5,000 pounds. Comes with a new, 3.5-liter V6 that with 280 horsepower is 30 more than its predecessor. It’s mated to a six-speed transmission. Honda says the Ridgeline is 78 pounds lighter and more aerodynamic, helping fuel economy. The all-wheel-drive version gets 21 mpg in city and highway driving, up from 17. Went on sale in June. Starts at $29,475. IONIQ: The new Ioniq is about as unique as it gets, offering customers three methods for making it move battery power, gas and electric hybrid, and a plug-in hybrid that can travel over 25 miles on battery alone. The Ioniq looks normal, not much different from the popular gas-powered midsize Sonata. The hybrid versions have a 1.6-liter, 104-horsepower engine made specifically for hybrid use. Hyundai paired it with a 6-speed automatic transmission to give the car better acceleration and driving performance. The electric Ioniq can go up to 110 miles per charge. Some versions will be in showrooms starting in the fall. No prices announced. ELANTRA: Hyundai compact gets revamped and restyled. It’s about an inch longer and wider than its predecessor, and its interior is large enough to be classified as a midsize car under U.S. Environmental Protection Agency rules. Hyundai says the car is nice enough to compare favorably with small luxury models. Hyundai added high-strength steel to make the chassis more rigid for better handling, yet the company says it has lower noise and vibration. The car gets new engines including a 2.0-liter four with 147 horsepower with six-speed manual and automatic transmissions. Also a new 1.4-liter turbocharged four on the Eco model with 128 horsepower mated to a seven-speed automatic transmission. Eco gets 35 mpg in combined city-highway testing, Hyundai says. Starts at $17,150 excluding shipping. On sale now. Q60: Infiniti’s two-door sports coupe gets a bolder, more glamorous look, with a larger grille, narrowed headlights and a higher beltline. Two available engines: a 208-horsepower, 2.0-liter four-cylinder and a new, 3.0-liter V6 twin-turbo engine that can be tuned to 300 horsepower or in the Red Sport model due out later this year 400 horsepower. Seven-speed automatic transmission. Available features include second generation of Direct Adaptive Steering, a steer-by-wire system that sends electronic signals from the steering wheel to the wheels. Gets an estimated 30 mpg highway and 22 mpg city. Went on sale in August. Starts at $38,950. QX30: Infiniti enters the hot small SUV market with the QX30. Like its bigger sibling, the QX60, it has deeply undulating sides and side windows that come to a sharp angle at the rear. Under hood is a 208-horsepower, 2.0-liter turbocharged four-cylinder engine and a seven-speed transmission. Fuel economy and pricing haven’t been released. Expected to go on sale in September. CLUBMAN: Gets Mini’s ALL4 all-wheel-drive system for the first time. New system is lighter and more compact that the BMW-owned brand’s current systems. The Clubman Cooper S All4 starts at $29,450. MITSUBISHI MIRAGE: The subcompact gets a new sedan sibling called the G4, powered by a 1.2-liter three-cylinder engine with 78 horsepower. It’s a little longer than the hatchback Mirage with a bigger cargo area, Mitsubishi says. Comes with base 5-speed manual or optional continuously variable transmission. The tiny car even offers Apple CarPlay and Android Auto to link smart phones to the car electronics. Otherwise, the hatchback gets a freshening with a redesigned front fascia, a new rear bumper fascia, new hood and a new rear spoiler. Hatchback starts at $12,995 excluding shipping, while the G4 starts at $13,995. XE: Compact sports sedan came out last spring in the U.S. with three engine choices: a 340-horsepower V6, a 240-horsepower inline 2-liter 4-cylinder and a 2-liter, 180-horsepower diesel. It has a cab-rearward stance and a low driving position. Starts at $34,900 excluding shipping. F-PACE: Jaguar’s first SUV also went on sale last spring, and the British automaker says it’s got the driving dynamics of a sports sedan and the versatility of an SUV. It also has three engine choices, a 3-liter, 340-horsepower V6, and a 3-liter, 380-horsepower V6. All have standard all-wheel-drive and eight-speed automatic transmissions. Starts at $40,990 excluding shipping. NEW COMPACT SUV: Fiat Chrysler isn’t saying much about the replacement for the Jeep Compass and Patriot, two archaic creatures of Chrysler’s previous owners. The new SUV, whose name hasn’t been released, is due out early next year and may be scheduled for introduction this fall at the Los Angeles Auto Show. CADENZA: Kia’s full-size sedan, which debuted in 2010, gets overhauled. Has more subtle and elegant styling with a wide, concave grille and distinctive zig-zag lighting elements in headlights and taillights. Upgraded materials inside with luxurious touches like a driver’s seat with a sliding cushion extension. Kia says it has twice the amount of high-strength steel in the body structure, improving safety and handling. The 290-horsepower, 3.3-liter V6 engine has been retuned for greater fuel economy, although numbers haven’t been released. Also has new, lighter eight-speed transmission. Goes on sale later this year; pricing not announced. NIRO: Kia wants to triple its green car lineup by 2020, and the Niro hybrid subcompact SUV is a first step. Looks sporty with a short hood and a long, swept-back roofline. Powered by 1.6-liter, four-cylinder engine that produces 146 horsepower when combined with an electric motor. Kia expects it to get 50 mpg in city and highway driving. Eventually, the company plans a plug-in hybrid version. Engine is paired with a new six-speed transmission. Hybrid battery is tucked under the rear seats to preserve cargo space. Has Kia’s first application of coasting guide, which coaches the driver to maximize fuel economy, and predictive energy control, which decides when to recharge the battery or expend stored energy based on topographical road changes. Goes on sale later this year; price not announced. SPORTAGE: Fourth generation of Kia’s small SUV has a more sophisticated design, starting with chrome accents and grille, which is now separated from the headlights and sits significantly lower. Inside, there’s more headroom, legroom and cargo room and more creature comforts, including a 10-way power driver’s seat. Kia says increased use of high-strength steel on the frame has significantly improved safety and handling. New safety features include automatic emergency braking and lane departure warning. Two engine options: 181-horsepower, 2.4-liter, four-cylinder, or on the SX Turbo, a 2.0-liter, 240-horsepower four-cylinder. Gets up to 25 mpg in city and highway driving. Start at $22,990. LAMBORGHINI CENTENARIO: Limited edition Centenario celebrates the 100th anniversary of Ferruccio Lamborghini. Has a 770-horsepower V12 engine that can go from zero to 60 mph in a ridiculous 2.8 seconds. Top speed of 217 miles per hour. Only 40 20 coupes and 20 roadsters will be delivered to fans and collectors in 2017. The starting price? $1.97 million. LAND ROVER RANGE ROVER SVAUTOBIOGRAPHY DYNAMIC: Following last year’s release of the long-wheelbase, $200,000 Range Rover SVAutobiography, Land Rover’s Special Vehicle Operations unit introduces another performance-oriented Range Rover in a smaller package. New driver assist technologies like tow assist, lane-keeping (which keeps the vehicle centered in its lane) and an intelligent speed limiter that automatically adjusts speed to the speed limit. Also a larger, 10.2-inch touchscreen dashboard and 20-way adjustable leather seats. Shares its 550-horsepower, 5.0-liter V8 with the SVAutobiography, but has a specially configured suspension to hold tighter to the road. There’s an eight-speed transmission. On sale later this year starting at $170,995. IS: Lexus’s smallest sedan gets a refresh for 2017 with a more aggressive, angular version of the brand’s spindle grille to better match big siblings like the midsize GS. LED headlights now standard. New standard safety features include adaptive cruise control and lane departure warning. Inside, there’s an optional 10.25-inch dashboard screen. The engines are carried over from the previous model. Gets up to 22 mpg in city and highway driving. On sale in October. CONTINENTAL: Ford’s luxury brand revives the big sedan 14 years after the last one rolled off the line. The new flagship has gently undulating sides, wraparound taillights, a panoramic glass roof and an elegant mesh grille. Unique features include doors that open with little effort and snap closed by themselves, patented seats that adjust 30 ways and a 19-speaker Revel audio system. Top-of-the-line engine is a new, 3-liter twin-turbocharged V6 with 400 horsepower that gets 29 mpg on the highway. A 2.7-liter V6 and a 3.7-liter V6 are also offered. Goes on sale this fall in the U.S. and China starting at $44,560. MKZ: Midsize sedan, last redesigned in 2013, gets significant updates. New mesh grille and optional LED headlights and new driver assistance features including adaptive cruise control that can slow the car in stop-and-go traffic and resume speed when traffic clears. Atop the engine lineup is a new 3.0-liter, 400-horsepower V6. Also a 2-liter turbocharged four with 240 horsepower, and a gas-electric hybrid drivetrain with 188 horsepower and an estimated EPA combined rating of 40 mpg. Went on sale this summer. Starts at $35,010. LEVANTE: Maserati’s first SUV gives it access to a fast-growing market. The four-door Levante named for a warm, ever-changing Mediterranean wind has coupe-like lines and Maserati’s unique styling cues, including a trio of chrome-trimmed air inlets on the front bumpers and chrome trident logos on the rear C-pillars. U.S. buyers can choose between two variants of the Ferrari-made twin-turbo 3-liter V6: The base has 345 horsepower and the S has 424 horsepower. Diesel version available in Europe. All-wheel-drive is standard. Inside, leather seats are standard and safety features include adaptive cruise control that works in stop-and-go traffic. Gets 16 mpg in city and highway driving. Starts at $72,000. MX-5 RF: “RF” stands for “retractable fastback,” a nod to its sloped roofline and retractable hardtop. This is the hardtop version of the fourth-generation MX-5 Miata, which went on sale last year. It’s big business for Mazda; the company says half its Miata sales were hardtops by the end of the third generation. The hardtop has a unique design, featuring back window glass that fully retracts with the roof. The roof stows behind the rear seats, so the trunk capacity isn’t compromised. Roof opens or closes with the flip of a switch, even at speeds of 6 mph or less. The engine is a 2-liter four- with 155 horsepower. Manual or automatic transmissions are available. Goes on sale next year. MERCEDES-BENZ E-CLASS: Mercedes’ E-Class midsize sedan gets its first full redesign since 2010. The tenth-generation E-Class is longer than its predecessor and has the elongated hood and sloped roof of its siblings, the S-Class and C-Class. Inside, there’s an optional 12.3-inch dashboard screen and touch-sensitive buttons on the steering wheel that let the driver control the infotainment system with smartphone-like swipes. Another perk: 64 color choices for interior ambient lighting. Has Mercedes’ most advanced semi-autonomous technology, including automatic lane changing and Drive Pilot, which can maintain a set speed and keep the car within lanes. For now, only one engine choice, a 241-horsepower, 2-liter turbocharged four. That’s less power than the outgoing 302-horsepower V6, but more versions will be added. New nine-speed automatic transmission. Gets 25 mpg in city and highway driving. Starts at $52,150. G550 4X4: G-Class SUV family gets an off-roader. It has a ground clearance of more than 17 inches and “portal axles,” which allow the axle input and the wheel’s center to be at different heights. Under the hood is a newly developed, twin-turbocharged 4-liter V8 that makes 416 horsepower. Paired to a seven-speed automatic transmission. Fuel economy and pricing not announced. Goes on sale early next year. AMG C63 CABRIOLET: Joining Mercedes’ C-Class small car family is the C63 Cabriolet, a soft-top, two-door convertible. But don’t let its size fool you; it has serious power. The 4-liter biturbo V8 under the hood, developed by Mercedes’ high-performance AMG division, can produce either 469 horsepower (in the C63) or 503 horsepower (in the C63 S). Goes from zero to 60 mph in four seconds, and the C63 S has a top speed of 174 mph. Also an AMG-developed seven-speed automatic transmission with paddle shifters. Pricing and fuel economy not released. On sale in the fall. AMG S65 CABRIOLET: This four-seat, soft-top convertible has ridiculous power thanks to its 6-liter V12 engine with 621 horsepower. It’s mated to a seven-speed automatic transmission and goes from zero to 60 in four seconds with a top speed of 155 mph. The soft top, which gives the car a coupe-like profile when closed, can be automatically opened and closed in 17 seconds at speeds up to 37 mph. Creature comforts include a touchpad to control the infotainment system and an optional a neck heater and heated armrests for when the top is down. Fuel economy not released. Starts at $247,900. SLC: Two-door convertible roadster joins the C-Class family, replacing the SLK. Has a sportier, more angular nose and a larger grille. The hardtop roof can open at speeds of up to 25 mph. When open, drivers can opt for a neck-heating system. When it’s up, the glass roof can be darkened or lightened. Drivers can choose a 241-horsepower four-cylinder engine (in the SLC300) or a 362-horsepower V6 (in the AMG SLC43). Both have a nine-speed transmission. Gets up to 27 mpg in city and highway driving. Went on sale in the spring starting at $47,950. ARMADA: Full-size SUV, introduced in 2003, gets its first major redesign. It’s still boxy, but with a bolder, chrome-accented grille and other updates, like side fender vents, LED lights and an angled rear window. New 5.6-liter V8 with 390 horsepower, up from 317 previously. Nissan says that’s the most for an eight-passenger SUV. New seven-speed automatic transmission. Armada can tow up to 8,500 pounds. New safety features include forward collision and blind spot warnings. Goes on sale in fall. Price not released. GT-R: Supercar gets its most significant updates since 2007 debut. It now has Nissan’s “V-motion” signature grille, a new, reinforced hood to enhance high-speed stability, and a higher rear to make the car look wider and more aggressive. Body structure is more rigid throughout, Nissan says. The 3.8-liter V6 twin-turbocharged engine now produces up to 565 horsepower, an increase of 20 horsepower from the previous model. Six-speed transmission been refined to shift more smoothly. Gets 18 mpg in city and highway driving. Starts at $109,990. BOXSTER: Gets significant updates in 2017 after the last full redesign in 2013. The engines: Porsche has replaced its flat-six cylinders with more fuel-efficient and more powerful flat-four cylinders. The turbocharged 2-liter engine in the 718 Boxster produces 300 horsepower, 35 more than the old six-cylinder. A 2.5-liter in the 718 Boxster S makes 350 horsepower, also an increase of 35. Porsche says the engines are 14 percent more fuel-efficient than previous engines; the 718 Boxster gets up to 25 mpg in city and highway driving. Porsche has also retuned the chassis and added a system to automatically lower the suspension. It also added new creature comforts like Apple CarPlay and Android Auto. Went on sale in June. Start at $56,000. FORTWO CABRIO: The tiny two-seater convertible returns as a 2017 model after a one-year hiatus and is being billed by the Mercedes-owned brand as the most inexpensive ragtop in the U.S. The top can work as a sunroof or a full-fledged convertible. The car’s power soft top can work at any speed and retracts in 12 seconds, Smart says. The car gets Smart’s 89-horsepower, three-cylinder engine coupled with six-speed automatic or five-speed manual transmissions. Like other fortwo models, the cabrio is 8.8-feet long, about 5-feet tall and is about 5-feet wide. It weighs just over a ton. Hits showrooms in the fall. Starts at $18,900 excluding shipping. IMPREZA: The fast-selling all-wheel-drive brand rolls out two new Impreza compacts: the four-door sedan and a five-door hatchback. Both are 1.6 inches longer and 1.5 inches wider and a half-inch lower for more interior room and better aerodynamics. The Impreza is built on a new, stiffer platform for improved handling and better crash resistance. Inside, Apple CarPlay and Android Auto are now standard. Revised 2-liter 4-cylinder engine boosts horsepower from 148 to 152. Subaru will keep selling the 2016 model until December when the new versions arrive. Pricing not announced. CROSSTREK: New version of the rugged SUV coming in 2017 but no details released. MODEL X: Tesla Motors doesn’t have model years, since it constantly modifies vehicles through over-the-air software updates. But the Model X, which went on sale last fall, is the brand’s latest. It’s a seven-passenger electric SUV with a large, panoramic windshield and innovative rear doors than open upward and swing out. Four battery options, which provide between 200 and 257 miles of range. The Model X comes only in all-wheel-drive. It can tow up to 5,000 pounds. Comes with driver assist features including automatic emergency braking; Tesla’s more advanced Autopilot semi-autonomous system, which includes automatic lane changing, is optional. Starts at $74,000. 86: With the death of Toyota’s Scion brand, the FR-S sports car becomes the Toyota 86. The name is a nod to Toyota sports cars of the 1980s. It’s jointly developed with Subaru and is a twin of the Subaru BRZ. Toyota made some styling changes after bringing the car over from Scion, including a new bumper for better turning response and all-LED lighting. It made the body more rigid for improved handling. It also bumped up the horsepower to 205 when the 2-liter, four-cylinder Boxer engine is paired with a six-speed manual transmission. The 86 gets up to 27 mpg in city and highway driving with the automatic transmission, and 24 mpg with the manual. Starts at $26,255 for a manual version. PRIUS PRIME: Plug-in hybrid version of the Prius is now dubbed the Prius Prime. It has a more pronounced and deeply grooved nose to set it apart from siblings, and there are automatic grille shutters to help reduce drag. Under the hood is a 1.8-liter, four-cylinder engine and Toyota’s first dual motor hybrid system. Toyota has also doubled the car’s energy capacity with an 8.8-kWh lithium-ion battery pack. It can drive in electric mode for up to 22 miles, double the range of its predecessor, and can go up to 84 miles per hour in electric mode. Drivers can go more than 600 miles on a full electric charge and one tank of fuel. Toyota says it takes five-and-a-half hours to fully charge the car on a 110-volt outlet and less than half that on a 240-volt outlet. Goes on sale in October. VOLKSWAGEN BEETLE DUNE CONVERTIBLE: Convertible version of the rough-and-tumble Beetle Dune, which went on sale last year. Four-seater sits higher and wider than a regular Beetle for a more rugged stance. Distinguishing features include black trim strips to look like the running boards on the original Beetle, Dune graphics on the doors and a large rear spoiler. Cloth top can open at speeds up to 31 miles per hour. Under the hood is a 1.8-liter, four-cylinder engine with 170 horsepower. Fuel economy hasn’t been released, but the non-convertible version gets up to 27 mpg in city and highway driving. On sale later this year. GOLF ALLTRACK: Volkswagen has a Subaru fighter with the Golf Alltrack, a version of the small Golf SportWagen. It has a unique honeycomb grille and other design features to set it apart from its sibling. Normally operates in front-wheel-drive to save fuel, but automatically switches to all-wheel-drive when the car detects wheel slip. A drive mode selector includes “off-road,” which optimizes traction. Shares a 1.8-liter, four-cylinder engine with the SportWagen that puts out 170 horsepower. For now, it’s mated to a six-speed automatic transmission, but a six-speed manual comes later. Fuel economy not released, but the SportWagen gets up to 29 mpg in city and highway driving. Automatic emergency braking is among available safety features. On sale this fall; price not announced. S60, XC60, V60: Volvo is losing its 5- and 6-cylinder engines, replacing them with 2-liter four-cylinder turbocharged or supercharged powerplants. There’s a 240-horsepower turbo four and a 302-horsepower turbo and supercharged four. Models with new engines arrive in showrooms soon. S60 midsize car starts at $33,950 without shipping while the V60 SUV starts at $36,150. XC60 SUV starts at $40,950.