Myanmar ruler cuts sentence of ousted leader Aung San Suu Kyi to two years in prison
Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar’s ousted leader, has had her sentence reduced by two years, state television in Myanmar announced on Monday night. Ms Suu Kyi, who was ousted in a de facto coup this year, was sentenced to four years in prison earlier in the day after being convicted on charges widely dismissed as politically motivated. But hours later, her sentence was cut in half by the country’s military leader, as was the sentence of former President Win Myint, convicted alongside her.
The TV report said the sentence reductions were part of an amnesty. According to the report on MRTV, the sentences would be applied “at their current detention places”, apparently meaning they would not be sent to prison. It’s not clear where Ms Suu Kyi has been held but she has not described it as a prison.
A court had earlier sentenced Ms Suu Kyi to four years in prison after finding her guilty of incitement and violating coronavirus restrictions, a legal official said. The ruling is the first in a series of cases brought against the 76-year-old Nobel laureate since the army seized power on February 1, blocking her National League for Democracy party from starting a second term in office. The legal official, who insisted on anonymity for fear of being punished by the authorities, said Ms Suu Kyi received two years in prison on each of the two charges.
The incitement case involved statements posted on her party’s Facebook page after she and other party leaders had already been detained by the military, while the coronavirus charge involved a campaign appearance ahead of elections in November last year which her party overwhelmingly won.
Aung San Suu Kyi continues to be hugely popular and a symbol of the struggle against military rule in Myanmar (Khin Maung Win/AP)
The army, whose allied party lost many seats, claimed massive voting fraud, but independent election observers did not detect any major irregularities. Ms Suu Kyi’s trials are closed to the media and spectators, and her lawyers, who had been the sole source of information on the proceedings, were served with gag orders in October forbidding them from releasing information. The convictions were met quickly with severe criticism.
Yanghee Lee, the former UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in Myanmar, described the charges as well as the verdict as “bogus”, declaring that any trial held in the country is unfair as the judiciary is subservient to the military-installed government. Rights groups also deplored the verdicts, with Amnesty International calling them “the latest example of the military’s determination to eliminate all opposition and suffocate freedoms in Myanmar”.
The harsh sentences handed down to Aung San Suu Kyi on these bogus charges are the latest example of the military’s determination to eliminate all opposition and suffocate freedoms in Myanmar.https://t.co/NSmjqGrjFb — Amnesty International (@amnesty) December 6, 2021
The cases against Ms Suu Kyi are widely seen as contrived to discredit her and keep her from running in the next election.
The constitution bars anyone sent to prison after being convicted of a crime from holding high office or becoming a politician. Opposition to military rule remains strong 10 months after the army’s takeover, and the verdict may inflame tensions even further. There were protest marches on Sunday against the military government and calling for the release of Suu Kyi and other detained members of her government.
An army truck deliberately sped into a march by about 30 young people in Yangon, the country’s biggest city, and at least three of the protesters may have been killed, according to unconfirmed reports. The verdicts in Suu Kyi’s first two cases, on incitement — for allegedly spreading false or inflammatory information that could disturb public order — and violating the Natural Disaster Management Law for allegedly breaching coronavirus restrictions, were supposed to be delivered last Tuesday. However, the court postponed its ruling with no explanation.
At the same time, it agreed to allow testimony this week on a separate coronavirus charge from an additional defence witness who had previously been unable to attend court because of ill health.
Protesters hold portraits of the deposed leader during an anti-coup demonstration in Mandalay, Myanmar on March 5, 2021 (AP Photo/File)
Ms Suu Kyi’s lawyers sought vigorously to have the incitement charge dismissed. The prosecution’s evidence consisted of statements posted on a Facebook page of Suu Kyi’s party. Defence lawyers argued that Ms Suu Kyi and a co-defendant, former President Win Myint, could not be held responsible for the statements — which criticised the takeover and suggested in broad terms that it be resisted — because they were already in detention.
The former mayor of Naypyitaw, Myo Aung, was another defendant in the charge, which carries a maximum penalty of two years in prison and a fine. Win Myint was sentenced to a total of four years and Myo Aung to two years. February’s seizure of power was met by nationwide nonviolent demonstrations, which security forces quashed with deadly force.
They have killed about 1,300 civilians, according to a detailed tally compiled by the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners. With severe restrictions on nonviolent protest, armed resistance has grown in the cities and countryside, to the point that UN experts have warned the country is sliding into civil war. The military took Suu Kyi into custody on the day of its takeover, and she has not been seen in public since then, though she has appeared in court in several of her trials.
The military took Suu Kyi into custody on the day of its takeover (AP Photo/Peter Dejong, File)
Judgment on Ms Suu Kyi’s second count of violating coronavirus restrictions is scheduled for December 14.
The maximum penalty for each count is three years’ imprisonment and a fine. Other cases against Ms Suu Kyi now being tried cover the alleged unregistered import and use of walkie-talkies by her security guards, and four separate corruption charges covering the alleged acceptance of a bribe and abuse of office to obtain favourable terms on property transactions. Each of the corruption charges has a maximum penalty of 15 years’ imprisonment and a fine.
A trial on a fifth corruption charge has not yet started, and state media last week announced a sixth charge has also been filed against Suu Kyi. The latest charge accuses her and Win Myint of corruption in granting permits to rent and buy a helicopter. In mid-November, the military-appointed election commission announced it intended to prosecute Suu Kyi and 15 other senior political figures for alleged fraud in the last election, which could result in her party being dissolved.
The military has declared it seized power because of widespread election fraud, a claim that independent election observers say lacks evidence.
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